Rwanda is known as the “land of a thousand hills,” .Rwanda is a mountainous country located on the far western edge of the Rift Valley, bordering on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, and Tanzania.

Rwanda is a country of mainly three groups of people these are the Hutu, Tutsi, and the Twa.

 The Hutu dominates other groups with over 84%, the Tutsi with 15% and the Twa 1%.

The culture of Rwanda is varied. Unlike many countries in Africa, Rwanda has been a unified state since pre-colonial times, populated by the Banyarwanda people who share a single language and cultural heritage.

 Music and dance are an essential part of Rwandan ceremonies, celebration, social gatherings and storytelling. The most well-known traditional dance is the umushagiriro, or cow dance, performed by women, the dance of heroes, performed by men, and the drumming, also traditionally performed by men, on drums known as ingoma.

 Music is transmitted orally, with styles varying between the social groups. Rwanda’s most known dance group is the National Ballet, and this dance was acknowledged by President Habyarimana in 1974, and it’s majorly performed during the nationally and internationally tradition, music is conveyed orally, with styles varying between the social groups.

 Drums are of great importance; the royal drummers enjoyed high status within the court of the King (MwamiDrummers and the dance is usually played between seven and nine in number. Although the country has a growing popular music industry with very many musicians most of them are influenced by East African, Congolese, and American music. The most popular genre is hip hop, with a blend of rap, ragga, R&B and dance-pop.

ART AND CRAFT are produced throughout the country, while most originated as functional items rather than purely for adornment. Woven baskets and bowls are especially common and women are the most gifted under this field and they normally use Imigongo, a unique cow dung art, it is produced in the southeast of Rwanda, with a history dating back to when the region was part of the independent Gisaka kingdom.

The dung is mixed up with natural soils of various colors and painted into gorgeous ridges to form arithmetical shapes. Other locally made items include crafts made include pottery and wood carving.


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